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Cancer Expert Not too Convinced About Breast Screening Review

image Expert in surgery gives his opinion about breast screening review and risks of over diagnosis. Michael Baum, Professor emeritus of surgery at University College London says that, while deaths from breast cancer may be avoided, any benefit will be more than outweighed by deaths due to the long term adverse effects of treatment. He estimates that, for every 10, 000 women invited for screening, three to four breast cancer deaths are avoided at the cost of 2.72 to 9.25 deaths...
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New Way to Deal With Cancer Identified

image A disabled form of the HIV virus which leads to AIDS could help destroy cancer, say researchers. Disabled HIV virus carries genes into white blood cells called T-cells, these T-cells are then reprogrammed to attack cancer - with startling results, the Mirror reported. An American child of six was suffering from a deadly form of leukaemia that was resistant to all forms of treatment and her doctors had run out of options. Her parents sought an untried, experimenta...
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DNA-repairing Protein Probable Key to Prevent Some Recurring Cancers

image In much the same way as the body can become resistant to antibiotics, certain methods of killing cancer tumors can end up creating resistant tumor cells. But a University of Central Florida professor has found a protein present in several types of cancer, including breast and ovarian cancer, which could be helpful in preventing tumors from coming back. The protein, KLF8, appears to protect tumor cells from drugs aimed at killing them and even aid the tumor cells' ability to regenerat...
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Study Says New Mutations may Show How Cancers Grow

image Two novel genetic mutations that occur in 71 percent of malignant melanoma tumors have been discovered by scientists. The mutations, detected in a part of the cancer genome that controls genes but not in the genes themselves, could aid understanding and lead to treatment of one of the world's most lethal cancers or stop its progression. It "represents an initial foray into the 'dark matter' of the cancer genome," said Dr. Levi Garraway, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Insti...
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Researchers Discover Possible Drug Target to Stop Breast Cancer Metastasis

image The key role of GATA3 protein has been identified by UC San Francisco researchers. GATA3 protein which is abnormal or absent in many cases of human breast cancer - normally acts downstream in biochemical pathways to prevent the distant spread of cancer, an event called metastasis. The discovery points to a biochemical control point that simultaneously holds in check several key events required for tumor cells to successfully spread. "When GATA3 is present, it turns off ...
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Link Between Low Vitamin D Levels and Premenopausal Breast Cancer Risk Identified

image Women who have low serum vitamin D levels during the three-month period just before diagnosis are at a higher risk of premenopausal breast cancer, say researchers. The study of blood levels of 1,200 healthy women by researchers from the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, found that women whose serum vitamin D level was low during the three-month period just before diagnosis had approximately three times the risk of breast cancer as women in the highest vita...
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Scientists Explore Secrets of Tumor Growth

image A compound that blocks the expression of a protein without which certain tumours cannot grow has been identified by scientists at the University of Copenhagen's Center for Healthy Ageing. This compound has the potential as an anticancer agent according to the research published in the journal iCHBIOL: Chemistry and Biology/i this week. The BLM protein is also known to be important in maintaining stability in cells when they multiply, thus preventing cancer. However, c...
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India’s First Proton Therapy Cancer Center to be Set Up by Apollo Hospitals

image Apollo Hospitals announced that it will be setting up India's first proton therapy centre at a cost of over Rs 400 crore in Chennai. The center will be used for treating cancer patients in southeast Asia, Africa and Australia. "The proton centre will be able to treat each cancer patient by providing the required dose of radiation therapy and meet the clinical objectives of physicians," Apollo chairman Prathap C. Reddy said in a statement Monday. The Belgium-based Ion Beam...
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Bone Marrow Cells to be Used to Grow a New Nose on a Man Who Lost His Nose to Cancer

image In a breakthrough surgery, scientists in Britain are working on implanting a new nose on a man who lost his nose to cancer. They plan to use his bone marrow cells to grow the new nose which they will implant under the skin in his arm. Molds of the nose will be taken before surgical removal. Doctors have planned to grow two prototypes of the nose which will be housed in a bioreactor with heat set to the human body temperature, to help cells to multiply. One of t...
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Some Canadian Women With Breast Cancer Unable to Pay Out-of-Pocket Costs for Treatment

image A new study published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute revealed that while majority of the women in Canada are able to afford out-of-pocket costs of breast cancer care in the year after their diagnosis, some women may have to deal with a high financial burden caused by such costs. While extensive information about the level of out-of-pocket costs after early breast cancer diagnosis has been unavailable until now, the costs resulting from the disease and the effects the...
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