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Physiological Evidence of ‘Chemo Brain’ Identified by Researchers

image A study presented at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) has revealed that chemotherapy can induce changes in the brain that may affect vital functions like concentration and memory. Using positron emission tomography combined with computed tomography (PET/CT), researchers were able to detect physiological evidence of chemo brain, a common side effect in patients undergoing chemotherapy for cancer treatment. "The chemo brain phenomenon ...
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Mammography Guideline Changes may Lead to Decline in Screening and Missed Cancers

image New recommendations for screening mammography issued by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) may lead to missed cancers and a decline in screening, researchers have revealed. This data is contained in two studies presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA). Routine screening mammography has traditionally been recommended by both the USPSTF and the American Cancer Society for all women over the age of 40. In 2009, t...
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Study Says Mediation With Art Therapy can Lower Anxiety

image Previous research has indicated that conditions such as cancer and stress go hand-in-hand as high stress levels can lead to poorer health outcomes in cancer patients. The Jefferson-Myrna Brind Center of Integrative Medicine combined creative art therapy with a Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program for women with breast cancer and showed changes in brain activity associated with lower stress and anxiety after the eight-week program. Their new study appears in the Decem...
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First Success of Targeted Therapy in Most Common Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Reported By Researchers

image A new study is the first to demonstrate that chemotherapy and a new, targeted therapy work better in combination than chemotherapy alone in treating patients with the most common genetic subtype of lung cancer. The study was carried out by an international team of investigators led by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute scientists. Published online today in iThe Lancet Oncology/i, the combination of chemotherapy and the targeted drug selumetinib was more effective than chemotherapy al...
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Boys Whose Testes Fail to Descend Face Triple Testicular Cancer Risk

image Boys whose testes have not descended at birth as in a condition known as cryptorchidism, are almost three times as likely to develop testicular cancer in later life, reveals an analysis of the available evidence published online in iArchives of Disease in Childhood/i. The findings prompt the authors to ask whether boys with the condition should be regularly monitored to lessen the potential risk Cryptorchidsim, where testes fail to descend into the scrotum and are r...
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Breast Cancer Risk may be Increased by Gene That Causes Tumor Disorder

image New research shows that there is a more than four-fold increase in the incidence of breast cancer in women with neurofibromatosis-1 (NF1). This finding by Johns Hopkins researchers adds to growing evidence that women with this rare genetic disorder may benefit from early breast cancer screening with mammograms beginning at age 40, and manual breast exams as early as adolescence. In a small study of 126 women with NF1 at the Johns Hopkins Comprehensive Neurofibromatosis Ce...
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Repeated Prior CT and Nuclear Imaging Linked to Increased Breast Cancer Risk Estimates

image Increased CT utilization between 2000 and 2010 could result in an increase in the risk of breast cancer for certain women, researchers have found. They arrived at this conclusion after reviewing the records of approximately 250,000 women enrolled in an integrated healthcare delivery system. including younger patients and those who received repeat exams. According to the study, which was presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA), nuclear...
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Setback-dogged Cancer Treatment Has New Hope

image Several drugs companies have ineffectively tried to produce antibodies that bind to the IGF-1 receptor on the cell surface. These have a critical part to play in the development of cancer. Scientists at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have now ascertained how these antibodies work, and can explain why only some cancer patients are helped by IGF-1 blockers during clinical tests. The researchers also present a means by which drugs of this kind could help more cancer patients. br...
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No Cancer Risk from Scatter Radiation During Mammography

image The radiation dose to areas of the body near the breast during mammography is very negligible, or minimal, and does not result in an increased risk of cancer, confirms a study presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA). The results suggest that the use of thyroid shields during mammography is unnecessary. "Thyroid shields can impede good mammographic quality and, therefore, are not recommended during mammography," said Alison L. Chetlen,...
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New Clinic Focuses on Young Adults With Blood Cancers

image Filling a gap in cancer care. The Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology Program is being launched by the University of Chicago Medicine. This draws together physicians and researchers from multiple medical and scientific fields to cross the boundaries between pediatric and young adult patients with leukemia and lymphoma. Headed by pediatric and adult cancer experts and supported by social workers and counselors, this new program, for patients aged 15 to 30, makes multiple ...
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