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Simple Device To Detect Breast Cancer Earlier Than Mammography Developed

image A simple and cost effective imaging device for breast tumor detection based on a flexible and wearable antenna system has been developed by Indian origin researchers at the Indiana University. The team based in the Integrated Nanosystems Development Institute (INDI) pointed out that their system holds the promise of much earlier detection than mammography. INDI's Kody Varahramyan and colleagues, Sudhir Shrestha, Mangilal Agarwal, Azadeh Hemati and Parvin Ghane explained t...
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Safely Treating Prostate Cancer and Lowering the Risk of Recurrence Using Novel Radiation Therapy

image A recent Phase I/II clinical trial has shown that a new combination of radiation therapies escalates radiation doses to safely and effectively treat prostate cancer. It also lowers the risk of recurrence with minimal radiation exposure to nearby healthy tissue and organs. The therapies were developed at Virginia Commonwealth University Massey Cancer Center. Recently published in the journal IBrachytherapy/I, a novel treatment protocol designed by Michael Hagan, M.D., Ph.D., radi...
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UCLA Study: Glucose Deprivation Activates Feedback Loop That Kills Cancer Cells

image Research has revealed that cancer cells have a greater appetite for glucose compared to normal cells. This is the result of a shift in cell metabolism known as aerobic glycolysis or the "Warburg effect." Researchers focusing on this effect as a possible target for cancer therapies have examined how biochemical signals present in cancer cells regulate the altered metabolic state. Now, in a unique study, a UCLA research team led by Thomas Graeber, a professor of molecular...
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Trial Offers Hope to Reduce Use of Radiation in Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment

image A multicenter trial showed that nearly half of young patients with early-stage Hodgkin lymphoma can be cured without undergoing either irradiation or intensive chemotherapy that could trigger serious side effects and leave them at risk for second cancers, infertility, heart and other problems later. St. Jude Children's Research Hospital investigators led this multi-institution study, which focused on pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma patients without widespread disease or symptoms such as w...
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New Treatment Protocol Increases Survival in Some Cases of Previously Inoperable Pancreatic Cancer

image A new approach to treating previously inoperable complex pancreatic adenocarcinoma that has significantly increased long-term survival for some patients has been reported by investigators at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston. Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is one of the most devastating forms of pancreatic cancer with survival rates of only 5 percent at five years. Surgical removal of these tumors offers a chance for cure, but it is estimated that only about 20 ...
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Muscle Strength, Physical Functioning may be Improved in Male Cancer Patients With an Experimental Drug

image A new study has found that muscle strength and physical functioning among cancer patients who have low testosterone levels may be increased by using an experimental drug. The medication, called enobosarm, is the first of a new class of drugs known as selective androgen receptor modulators, which are similar to steroids in their growth-enhancing effects but, potentially, have fewer side effects. Muscle wasting is a significant problem for many cancer patients due to imbala...
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Research: Cancers With Disorganized ‘Traffic Systems’ More Difficult to Treat

image Medical researchers at the University of Alberta reviewed test results from thousands of patients with various types of cancer and discovered that "disorganized" cancers were more difficult to treat and consistently resulted in lower survival rates. Principal investigator Jack Tuszynski says physicians could use a mathematical equation, or algorithm, to determine how disorganized their patients' cancer is. Once physicians determine that, then they could pinpoint which cancer treatmen...
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Biology of Tumor-derived Microvesicles Examined By Researcher

image A new paper by Crislyn D'Souza-Schorey discusses the biology of tumor-derived microvesicles and their clinical application as circulating biomarkers. Crislyn is a professor of biological sciences at the University of Notre Dame. Microvesicles are membrane-bound sacs released by tumor cells and can be detected in the body fluids of cancer patients. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that the incidence of cancer will reach approximately 9 million deaths in 2015. The rising...
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Use of Natural Language Processing Tool for Electronic Health Records in Assessing Colonoscopy Quality

image Natural language processing programs can "read" dictated reports and provide information to allow measurement of colonoscopy quality in an inexpensive, automated and efficient manner says study. Observation of the quality variation in the study within a single academic hospital system reinforces the need for routine quality measurement. The study appears in the June issue of GIE: iGastrointestinal Endoscopy/i, the monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal of the American Society for Gastroint...
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Lung Cancer Death Rates Rising

image A new study comparing lung cancer death rates among women by year of birth shows dramatic differences in trends between states, likely reflecting the success or failure of tobacco control efforts. The study, published in the iJournal of Clinical Oncology/i, finds that while lung cancer death rates declined continuously by birth year for women born after the 1950s in California, rates in other states declined less quickly or even increased. In some southern states, lung cancer death rates amo...
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