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MRI Help Identify Prostate Cancer Recurrence at Extremely Low PSA Levels

image A pelvic MRI scan with IV contrast and rectal balloon is highly effective in identifying local recurrence even at low PSA values in prostate cancer patients with a rising or persistently elevated PSA after prostatectomy, according to a study presented, at the Cancer Imaging and Radiation Therapy Symposium in Atlanta. The symposium is co-sponsored by the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) and the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).Researchers at MD Anderson Canc...
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Tissue Spacers Reduce Rectal Injury Risk In Prostate Cancer Patients

image Injecting a tissue spacer in the prostate-rectal inter-space is an effective way to reduce the rectal dose for prostate cancer patients receiving radiation therapy, according to research. Even though prostate cancer is cured in over 90 percent of patients, reducing side effects from treatment complications remains a top concern. Damaging the rectum during treatment is a more common side effect, so researchers sought to determine if inserting an injectable tissue spacer would reduce t...
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Astronomy Technique , a Way to Spot Melanoma

image A University of Wisconsin-Madison professor of astronomy has come out with a telescope capable of evaluating skin blots which can turn cancerous. The idea struck Andy Sheinis, who was at high risk for melanoma, about 10 years ago, during a visit to the dermatologist. The technology used in his giant Keck Telescope is a low-cost and speedy way to sample the spectrum of light in every pixel of an image and build a three-dimensional "data cube." It is used in as...
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BBC: Filming of Cancer Patient’s Death

image The BBC has been accused of a new documentary that captures the final moments of a cancer patient. Anti-euthanasia supporters said it was bringing Big Brother-style TV to a deathbed. The decision to film an 84-year-old cancer victim known only as 'Gerald for Inside The Human Body' was taken knowing it would be offensive to many viewers. "I know there are those who feel that showing a human death on television is wrong, whatever the circumstances, " the Dai...
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Ovarian Cancer Growth Blocked by Motor Regulatory Protein

image A new mice study has revealed that over-expression of the protein km23-1 was responsible for causing the death of ovarian cancer cells. Pulipati et al conducted this animal study after assessing the results of a previous study, which showed that a subunit of the motor protein dynein called km23-1 was defective in ovarian cancer patients. This protein is the one that transports checkpoint proteins along the microtubules during mitosis. In this particular study, researchers induc...
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Blood Test Identifies Ovarian Cancer

image A simple blood test that could help in the early diagnosis of ovarian cancer saving thousands of life should be used by doctors, state new guidelines. The test that identified the CA-125 cancer protein in the bloodstream was in use only in hospitals, but that proved to be too late for most cancer patients. Hence, the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (Nice) has issued guidelines that require GPs to use the test for an early diagnosis to ensure higher survival rates...
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Ethnicity Impacts Cancer Treatment Choices

image Ethnicity seems to play a decisive role in end-of-life choices, according to researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, whose study appears in ICancer./I The Cancer Care Outcomes Research and Surveillance study involved 4,214 patients diagnosed with lung or colon cancer in phone interviews. They were asked how willing they would be to use up all their personal financial resources to get life-prolonging treatment. The alternative was less expensive treatment but that whi...
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Research Reveals How Normal and Cancerous Cells Migrate Within the Body

image Understanding how brain cells migrate during normal development may offer insight on how cancer cells spread, according to a new study. The findings by Jonathan Cooper, member and director of the Hutchinson Center's Basic Sciences Division, and Yves Jossin, a research fellow in Cooper's laboratory, could lead to a better understanding of neurological development and, possibly, cancer metastasis. During normal development cells divide, arrange themselves in appropriate pa...
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Topical Treatment may Prevent Skin Cancer

image A topical compound called ISC-4 may prevent melanoma lesion formation, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers. "The steady increase in melanoma incidence suggests that additional preventive approaches are needed to complement these existing strategies," said Gavin Robertson, Ph.D., professor of pharmacology, pathology, dermatology and surgery, and director of Penn State Hershey Melanoma Center. Researchers targeted the protein Akt3, which plays a central role in 70 p...
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U-M Study Finds New Class of Cancer Drugs Could Work in Colon Cancers With Genetic Mutation

image A new study from the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center finds that a class of drugs that shows promise in breast and ovarian cancers with BRCA gene mutations could potentially benefit colorectal cancer patients with a different genetic mutation. Working in cell lines from colorectal cancer patients, researchers found that a new class of drugs called PARP inhibitors worked against tumors with mutations in the MRE11 gene. About 15 percent of all colorectal ...
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