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Cancer Deaths High in Queensland

image The Cancer Council Queensland has released an atlas of cancer, which shows that the number of deaths from cancer is very high in the bush. The report examined survival rates between 1998 and 2007 and revealed that some 1,200 cancer deaths could have been prevented had the quality of care in the bush been equal to that found elsewhere in Queensland. "An analysis of all deaths, not just those within five years of diagnosis, may find that many more patients die of cancer each yea...
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Potentially Cancerous Nodules in the Lung can be Safely Removed by Radio-Guided Surgery

image A new study says that using tiny spheres of radioactive liquid to guide surgeons as they remove potentially cancerous material in the lungs is safe and more effective than other techniques. This was reported by Italian researchers at the European Multidisciplinary Conference in Thoracic Oncology (EMCTO), 24-26 February 2011, Lugano, Switzerland. Dr Luca Bertolaccini, Dr Alberto Terzi and colleagues from Santa Croce e Carle Hospital in Cuneo, Italy, studied a technique known as radio-...
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Study Finds How ‘Self-Eating’ Cells Safeguard Against Cancer

image The way in which fledgling cancer cells self-destruct has been discovered by scientists. This finding has the potential of impacting on future cancer therapies. The Trinity College Dublin group was led by Smurfit Professor of Medical Genetics, Professor Seamus Martin. The team has discovered how a process called 'autophagy' - which literally means 'self-eating' - plays an important role in safeguarding against the development of cancer. The discovery highlig...
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Study Details New Way to Identify Patients at Risk of Dysphagia After Head and Neck Cancer Treatment

image Dr Hanna Rahbek Mortensen and colleagues at hospitals and institutes in Denmark presented results from a large prospective trial, the DAHANCA 6 (and) 7 study at the 3rd International Conference on innovative approaches in Head and Neck Oncology (ICHNO). The study, conducted across the country, investigated risk factors for developing dysphagia (swallowing dysfunction), after undergoing radiotherapy treatment for a head (and) neck cancer. "We followed 1,476 patients with squamous cell carcino...
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Radioactive Liquid To Remove Lung Nodules

image Potentially malignant nodules could be removed from the lungs by using tiny spheres of radioactive liquid. It is safe and more effective than other techniques, Italian researchers report at the European Multidisciplinary Conference in Thoracic Oncology (EMCTO) at Lugano, Switzerland. Dr Luca Bertolaccini, Dr Alberto Terzi and colleagues from Santa Croce e Carle Hospital in Cuneo, Italy, studied a technique known as radio-guided surgery in 19 patients. Each of the patients had been found ...
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Erlotinib As Effective As Chemotherapy In Difficult Cancers

image Cancer drug erlotinib could be as effective as chemotherapy and is perhaps better tolerated in treatment of difficult cancers - particularly in cases where a patient's cancer has progressed quickly after treatment with first-line therapy. The results of a new phase III trial have been reported at the European Multidisciplinary Conference in Thoracic Oncology (EMCTO), Lugano, Switzerland. Presenting the findings of the international TITAN study at the conference, Dr Tudor Ciuleanu...
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Cheap, Fast Test To Diagnose Aggressive Lung Cancer in Never-Smokers

image US researchers have found that an inexpensive and rapid testing method can effectively identify a sub-group of never-smoking lung cancer patients whose tumors express a molecule associated with increased risk of disease progression or recurrence. Approximately 8 percent - 12 percent of patients with lung adenocarcinoma who have never smoked cigarettes carry tumors that express a protein product called anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK). Dr Ping ...
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New Test for Detecting Lung Cancer in Non-smokers

image Scientists from the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, US have now developed a new, cheaper and faster method to detect certain types of lung cancer in patients with no history of smoking. About 8-12% people who have never smoked a single cigarette suffer from lung adeno carcinoma. A protein called 'anaplastic lymphoma kinase' (ALK) is present in the tumor which grows in such patients. Such a tumor is most likely to be detected among younger people and is more aggressive than th...
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Scalp Cooling Cap May Prevent Hair Loss in Cancer Patients

image Scientists have now developed a scalp cooling cap which may help prevent hair loss in breast cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy treatment. This will be part of the first significant study of the medical device in the United States. The FDA has given approval for an investigational device exemption (IDE) feasibility study to be conducted at both Wake Forest Baptist and University of California, San Francisco (UCSF). A total of 20 patients with stage one breast cancer ...
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Cancer Predisposition Test Soon a Possibility

image Scientists have developed a new technology that detects distinct genetic changes differentiating cancer patients from healthy individuals and could serve as a future cancer predisposition test. The research team, led by scientists from the Virginia Bioinformatics Institute (VBI) at Virginia Tech, which includes researchers from the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, has created a design for a new DNA microarray that allows them to measure the two million microsatellites...
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