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HPV Testing Recommended as Primary Screening for Cervical Cancer

image Given that the primary creening method is human papillomavirus (HPV) testing, Scientists at Queen Mary, University of London opine that cervical cancer screening intervals could be extended to five years for women aged 30 and over. A study showed that HPV tests are very accurate in identifying early signs of cervical cancer, detecting more serious abnormalities compared to current cytology screening in women aged 30 and over. The study, led by David...
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FDA Approves New Treatment for Advanced Prostate Cancer

image US regulators have approved a ground-breaking treatment for advanced prostate cancer that uses a patient's own immune system to fight the disease, officials said Thursday. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) said the treatment called Provenge is designed for use by men in the advanced stages of prostate cancer, whose illness has spread to other parts of the body and is resistant to standard hormone treatment. "Provenge provides a new treatment option for men with ad...
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Predicting Invasive Breast Cancer Risk

image A novel way to predict whether women with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) are at risk of developing more invasive tumours in later years has been discovered by scientists. DCIS is the most common form of non-invasive breast cancer. According to the scientists, the discovery would give women with DCIS the opportunity to be more selective about their treatment. "Women will have much more information, so they can better know their risk of developing invasive cancer. It ...
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Kidney Transplant Recipients Face Cancer Risk

image A study appearing in an upcoming issue of the IJournal of the American Society Nephrology/I (JASN) says that drugs taken by kidney transplant recipients to prevent organ rejection carry similar risks of cancer. The results suggest that no single medication is to blame for the higher incidence of cancer seen among patients who have undergone transplantation. Individuals who receive a kidney transplant have an increased risk of developing cancer compared with the genera...
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Patients With Cancer Have to Bear High Costs of Diagnostic Imaging

image A study in the April 28 issue of IJAMA/I says that from 1999 through 2006 the use of diagnostic imaging for Medicare patients with cancer increased, with use of positron emission tomography (PET) increasing the most significantly. Imaging costs for these patients also increased, outpacing the rate of increase in total costs among Medicare beneficiaries with cancer. Cancer-related expenditures are expected to increase faster than any other area of health care. "Emergin...
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Receptor can Fight Tamoxifen-Resistant Breast Cancer Cells

image A new study has found that a receptor that is present in the nucleus of cells can, when activated, slow the growth of tamoxifen-resistant breast cancer cells. The study built on the recent discovery that farnesoid X receptor (FXR) - a nuclear receptor found mainly in the liver - is found in breast cancer tissue. Although previous research showed that FXR can slow proliferation of breast cancer cells, it was not known whether it could do the same with tamoxifen-resistant cells. b...
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Study Says Imaging Costs Rising Faster Than Total Cancer Care for Medicare

image Scientists in the Duke Clinical Research Institute (DCRI) have found that the cost of imaging studies in cancer patients covered by Medicare is growing at twice the rate of the overall costs of cancer care in that group. A dramatic increase in PET scans is leading the way. Imaging is the fastest growing expense for Medicare, but until now, it has not been analyzed as a specific component of care within the cancer population. The study results appear in the April 28 iss...
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Colon Exam Post 60 Years Significantly Slashes Cancer Mortality

image Research published on Wednesday has said that just a single examination of the rectum and lower colon between the age of 55 and 64 can cut colon cancer mortality by a whopping 40 percent. The 16-year study of more than 170,000 people in Britain also found that the one-time procedure cut incidence of the disease by a third compared to a control group that did not undergo the examination. The relatively simple test "could massively reduce colorectal cancer incidence and mor...
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Quick Screening Test to Cut Risk of Developing Bowel Cancer

image Researchers have developed a five-minute screening test that could cut the risk of developing bowel cancer by a third. The research led by Imperial College London has been published in the Lancet. According to the 16-year study, funded by the Medical Research Council, the National Institute for Health Research, and Cancer Research UK, a single flexible sigmoidoscopy examination in men and women aged between 55 and 64 reduced the incidence of bowel cancer by a third, compa...
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Lung Cancer Diagnosis to Improve with Polymer Pill

image Diagnosis of lung cancer would soon become more effective with a polymer pill, the best method for tumour detection, thanks to scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The researchers found ways both to increase the accuracy of computed tomography (CT) scans and to lessen the amount of time necessary to perceive telltale changes in lung tissue. For years, radiologists have determined the size of potentially cancerous lung...
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